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Lung Transplant

                                                                                  Lung Transplantation: Version 7.0


The incidence of lung transplantation is 4.75/1,000,000 population. 2,057 patients underwent lung transplantation at 71 centers in the United States in 2015 while 2,588 were added to the waiting lists.  None of the transplanted patients received lung segments from living donors.  Lung transplantation accounted for just 6.6% of the solid organ transplants performed in the United States in 2015.  As of October 28, 2016 there were 1441 patients on the active list awaiting lung transplantation, down about 300 from 3 years ago.  Rates of lung transplants per 100 person-years on the waiting list continue to vary widely across the United States, from a low of 74 in parts of middle America, to 552 in the Carolinas, parts of California, the Rocky Mountains, and Texas.

Longer term outcomes continue to be problematic compared to liver, kidney and heart, and that holds for all 4 groups of lung diseases transplanted. The 3-year survival for single lung transplants is around 60%, with double lungs around 65%. The 5-year survival is only about 46% for single and 59% for double.